Are There Eco-friendly Options For Decking Materials?

Decking materials serve as a key element in creating outdoor spaces that are both functional and aesthetically pleasing. However, with growing concerns about environmental sustainability, it is crucial to explore eco-friendly alternatives when it comes to choosing decking materials. In this article, we will explore the availability of environmentally conscious options that allow you to enjoy your deck without compromising on your commitment to the planet. Whether you are a nature lover, a conscious consumer, or simply looking to make a positive impact, discovering these eco-friendly alternatives will guide you towards creating a deck that not only enhances your outdoor living experience but also aligns with your values.

The Importance of Eco-Friendly Decking Materials

When it comes to building or renovating your outdoor spaces, it’s important to consider the environmental impact of the materials you choose. Eco-friendly decking materials offer a way to reduce your carbon footprint and contribute to a more sustainable future. By opting for decking materials that are environmentally friendly, you can help preserve natural resources, promote sustainability, and minimize your overall environmental impact.

Reducing Environmental Impact

One of the primary reasons to choose eco-friendly decking materials is to reduce your overall environmental impact. Traditional decking materials often contain harmful chemicals or require the harvesting of natural resources. By selecting eco-friendly alternatives, you can minimize the release of harmful toxins into the environment and help protect ecosystems for future generations.

Preserving Natural Resources

Another important aspect of using eco-friendly decking materials is the preservation of natural resources. Traditional decking materials, such as wood, often require the cutting down of trees and contribute to deforestation. By opting for sustainable alternatives, you can help protect valuable forests and preserve biodiversity.

Promoting Sustainability

The use of eco-friendly decking materials also promotes sustainability. By choosing materials that are renewable or made from recycled content, you are supporting a circular economy that reduces waste and conserves resources. Sustainable decking options keep materials out of landfills and contribute to a more efficient use of resources, helping to build a greener future.

Traditional Decking Materials and Their Environmental Impact

Before exploring the alternatives, it’s important to understand the environmental impact of traditional decking materials commonly used in the industry. Let’s take a closer look at three of the most popular choices:


Wood is a classic choice for decking materials due to its natural beauty and durability. However, the harvesting and processing of wood can have a significant environmental impact. Tree logging contributes to deforestation, habitat loss, and soil erosion. Additionally, the use of chemical treatments and sealants can release harmful toxins into the environment.

Pressure-Treated Wood

Pressure-treated wood is treated with chemicals to resist rot and pest damage. While it offers extended durability, the chemicals used in the treatment process pose potential health and environmental risks. The toxins can leach into the soil, affecting nearby plants and water sources. This has led to a shift away from pressure-treated wood towards more eco-friendly alternatives.


Composite decking is made of a combination of wood fibers and recycled plastic. While it reduces the need for logging and uses recycled materials, the manufacturing process still consumes energy and releases greenhouse gases. Additionally, composite decking is not biodegradable and can end up in landfills at the end of its life cycle.

Are There Eco-friendly Options For Decking Materials?

Eco-Friendly Alternatives to Traditional Decking Materials

Fortunately, there are several eco-friendly alternatives to traditional decking materials that offer both functionality and sustainability. Let’s explore some popular choices:


Bamboo is a fast-growing grass that is highly renewable. It regenerates quickly, making it an excellent choice for eco-friendly decking. Bamboo decking has similar durability and aesthetic appeal to wood, without the environmental impact. It is resistant to pests and rot, making it a long-lasting and low-maintenance option.

Recycled Plastic

Recycled plastic decking utilizes post-consumer plastic waste, such as plastic bags and bottles. By repurposing these materials, recycled plastic decking helps divert plastic waste from landfills and reduces the demand for virgin plastic production. It offers excellent durability and requires minimal maintenance, making it an eco-friendly and long-lasting choice.


Aluminum decking is another sustainable option that is gaining popularity. It is made from recycled aluminum, which reduces the need for primary aluminum extraction. Aluminum decking is lightweight, highly durable, and resistant to fading, rust, and mold. Its longevity makes it a cost-effective and environmentally friendly choice.


Cork is an often overlooked but highly sustainable decking material. It is made from the bark of the cork oak tree, which regenerates after harvest. The extraction process does not harm the tree, making cork an excellent renewable resource. It is naturally resistant to pests, mold, and water damage, making it a durable and low-maintenance decking option.

Benefits of Using Eco-Friendly Decking Materials

Using eco-friendly decking materials offers numerous benefits beyond reducing environmental impact. Let’s explore some of the advantages:

Reduced Environmental Impact

By choosing eco-friendly decking materials, you can significantly reduce your environmental impact. Whether it’s reducing deforestation, minimizing greenhouse gas emissions, or diverting waste from landfills, eco-friendly decking options play a crucial role in building a sustainable future.

Longevity and Durability

Many eco-friendly decking materials offer superior longevity and durability compared to traditional options. For example, bamboo decking is known for its strength and durability, while recycled plastic and aluminum decking are highly resistant to fading, rot, and pests. Investing in long-lasting materials reduces the need for frequent replacements, minimizing waste and saving money in the long run.

Low Maintenance

Eco-friendly decking materials often require minimal maintenance, saving you time, effort, and resources. Unlike wood decking that requires regular staining and sealing, many sustainable options are naturally resistant to pests, rot, fading, and water damage. This means less time spent on maintenance and more time enjoying your outdoor space.

Aesthetic Appeal

Eco-friendly decking materials come in a wide range of colors, textures, and finishes, allowing you to create a beautiful and inviting outdoor space. Whether you prefer the rustic charm of bamboo or the sleek modern look of aluminum, there is an eco-friendly option to suit your style and design preferences.

Are There Eco-friendly Options For Decking Materials?

Factors to Consider When Choosing Eco-Friendly Decking Materials

While eco-friendly decking materials offer many advantages, it’s important to consider various factors before making a decision. Here are some key considerations:

Sourcing and Manufacturing Process

When selecting eco-friendly decking materials, consider the sourcing and manufacturing process. Look for materials that are responsibly sourced, such as FSC-certified wood or bamboo from sustainable plantations. Choose manufacturers that prioritize environmentally friendly practices, such as using renewable energy or minimizing water usage.

Life Cycle Analysis

Consider the life cycle analysis of the decking materials. Assess the environmental impact from production to disposal. Look for materials with a low carbon footprint that have a positive impact on greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption, and waste generation throughout their life cycle.

Certifications and Labels

Pay attention to certifications and labels that indicate the sustainability and environmental performance of the decking materials. Look for certifications such as Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED), or Cradle to Cradle Certified (C2C). These certifications ensure that the materials meet rigorous environmental criteria.

Installation and Maintenance

Consider the installation and maintenance requirements of the decking materials. Some eco-friendly options may require specific installation techniques or regular maintenance practices. Ensure that you are comfortable with the installation process and willing to commit to the necessary maintenance to ensure the longevity and performance of the decking.

The Pros and Cons of Different Eco-Friendly Decking Materials

Each eco-friendly decking material has its own set of pros and cons. Let’s take a closer look at the advantages and disadvantages of some popular options:



  • Renewable and sustainable
  • Durable and resistant to pests
  • Natural beauty and aesthetic appeal
  • Low maintenance


  • Requires sealing and periodic reapplication
  • Limited availability in some regions
  • May have limited color options compared to other materials

Recycled Plastic


  • Diverts plastic waste from landfills
  • Highly durable and resistant to rot, pests, and fading
  • Easy to clean and maintain
  • Wide range of colors and styles available


  • Can be more expensive compared to other materials
  • Some recycled plastic decks may have a plastic appearance



  • Made from recycled materials
  • Lightweight, durable, and long-lasting
  • Resistant to rust, fading, and mold
  • Low maintenance and easy to clean


  • Reflects heat more than other materials
  • Limited design options compared to wood or composite



  • Sustainable and renewable
  • Naturally resistant to pests, mold, and water damage
  • Soft, comfortable, and slip-resistant
  • Excellent insulating properties


  • Can be more expensive compared to other materials
  • Limited availability and styles

Are There Eco-friendly Options For Decking Materials?

Case Studies: Successful Implementation of Eco-Friendly Decking Materials

Real-life examples of successful implementation of eco-friendly decking materials can provide insight into their performance and benefits. Let’s explore two case studies:

Residential Projects

In a residential renovation project in California, bamboo decking was used to replace an old wood deck. The bamboo decking offered excellent durability, resistance to pests and weathering, and an appealing aesthetic. The homeowners were pleased with the low maintenance requirements and the sustainability aspect of the material.

Commercial Projects

In a commercial project, a hotel in Vancouver opted for recycled plastic decking for their outdoor patio. The recycled plastic decking provided a stylish and durable surface that could withstand heavy foot traffic. The hotel’s guests appreciated the comfort and aesthetic appeal of the decking material, while the management appreciated the low maintenance and long-lasting nature of the material.

Cost Comparison: Eco-Friendly Decking versus Traditional Materials

While upfront costs may vary, it’s important to consider the long-term savings associated with eco-friendly decking materials. Let’s compare the costs:

Upfront Costs

Traditional decking materials like wood may have lower upfront costs, but they often require frequent maintenance and replacement, increasing the total cost over time. On the other hand, eco-friendly materials like bamboo or aluminum may have slightly higher upfront costs, but their durability and low maintenance requirements result in long-term savings.

Long-Term Savings

Eco-friendly decking materials offer long-term savings by reducing maintenance, replacement, and disposal costs. By choosing materials that are resistant to pests, rot, fading, and water damage, you can avoid the need for regular staining, sealing, or replacement. Additionally, the longevity of eco-friendly materials means you won’t have to incur the costs of replacing your deck as frequently as with traditional materials.

Tips for Maintaining and Caring for Eco-Friendly Decks

To ensure the longevity and performance of your eco-friendly deck, follow these maintenance and care tips:

Regular Cleaning

Regularly sweep or use a leaf blower to remove debris from your deck. For more stubborn dirt or stains, use a mild soap and water solution and a soft-bristle brush to scrub the surface. Rinse thoroughly with water to remove any residue.

Sealing or Staining

Some eco-friendly decking materials may require periodic sealing or staining to maintain their appearance and protect against wear and weathering. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to determine the appropriate sealant or stain to use and the recommended frequency of application.

Preventing Damages

To prevent damages, avoid dragging heavy objects across the deck and use furniture pads or rugs to protect the surface from scratches. Promptly clean up spills to prevent staining, and avoid using harsh chemicals or pressure washers that could damage the decking material.


Choosing eco-friendly decking materials is a small but significant step towards reducing your environmental impact and promoting sustainability. By opting for alternatives to traditional decking materials, such as bamboo, recycled plastic, aluminum, or cork, you can contribute to a greener future. Consider factors such as sourcing, manufacturing processes, certifications, and maintenance requirements when selecting eco-friendly options. With their durable nature, low maintenance needs, and aesthetic appeal, eco-friendly decking materials offer a sustainable and stylish solution for your outdoor spaces. Take the leap and build your deck with the environment in mind!